Following last week’s post on the importance of screening (https://thesanctionsgeek.com/3-key-steps-in-ofac-compliance-screen-screen-and-screen/), it is mission critical to know OFAC has more than one way to blacklist a bad actor.
I. Specially Designated Nationals and Blocked Persons Blacklist (SDNs)
The most notorious blacklist is the SDN list. OFAC designates SDNs primarily under the statutory authority of the Trading With the Enemy Act, the International Emergency Economic Powers Act, the Anti-Terrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act and the Foreign Narcotics Kingpin Designation Act.
The SDNs comprise a list of individuals and companies owned or controlled by, or acting for or on behalf of, targeted countries. It also lists individuals, groups, and entities, such as terrorists and narcotics traffickers designated under programs that are not country-specific. Their assets are blocked and U.S. persons are generally prohibited from dealing with them. (Please see: https://home.treasury.gov/policy-issues/financial-sanctions/specially-designated-nationals-and-blocked-persons-list-sdn-human-readable-lists).
II. Other Non-Blocking OFAC Blacklists
OFAC also generates these other sanctions blacklists (where blocking is not required but other prohibitions and investment restrictions apply). (Please see: https://home.treasury.gov/policy-issues/financial-sanctions/consolidated-sanctions-list-data-files):
- Sectoral Sanctions Identifications List – a list to identify persons operating in sectors of the Russian economy identified by the Secretary of the Treasury pursuant to Executive Order 13662. Directives found within the list describe prohibitions on dealings with the persons identified.
- Foreign Sanctions Evaders List – a list of foreign individuals and entities determined to have violated, attempted to violate, conspired to violate, or caused a violation of U.S. sanctions on Syria or Iran pursuant to Executive Order 13608. It also lists foreign persons who have facilitated deceptive transactions for or on behalf of persons subject to U.S. sanctions.
- Non-SDN Palestinian Legislative Council List – section (b) of General License 4, issued pursuant to the Global Terrorism Sanctions Regulations (31 C.F.R. Part 594), the Terrorism Sanctions Regulations (31 C.F.R. Part 595), and the Foreign Terrorist Organizations Sanctions Regulations (31 C.F.R. Part 597), authorizes U.S. financial institutions to reject transactions with members of the Palestinian Legislative Council (PLC) who were elected to the PLC on the party slate of Hamas, or any other Foreign Terrorist Organization (FTO), Specially Designated Terrorist (SDT), or Specially Designated Global Terrorist (SDGT).
- Non-SDN Iranian Sanctions List – under Section 6 of the Iran Sanctions Act or under the Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010, as amended, the President, the Secretary of State, or the Secretary of the Treasury imposes non-blocking sanctions on a person.
- List of Foreign Financial Institutions Subject to Correspondent Account or Payable-Through Account Sanctions (CAPTA List) – as of March 14, 2019, the List of Foreign Financial Institutions Subject to Correspondent Account or Payable-Through Account Sanctions (the “CAPTA List”) includes one foreign financial institution subject to correspondent or payable-through account sanctions. Prior to March 14, 2019, this entity was on OFAC’s Part 561 List.
- Non-SDN Menu-Based Sanctions List (NS-MBS List) – this list is designed as a reference tool that identifies persons subject to certain non-blocking menu-based sanctions that have been imposed under statutory or other authorities, including certain sanctions described in Section 235 of the Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act (CAATSA), as implemented by Executive Order 13849, and the Ukraine Freedom Support Act of 2014, as amended by CAATSA. The NS-MBS List also will specify the type of sanction or sanctions imposed on the listed person and the legal authority under which the person is sanctioned.
III. Distinguish Treasury’s OFAC from Commerce Blacklists
It is important to distinguish these Treasury OFAC lists from Commerce’s Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) Denied Persons and Entity Lists. (https://home.treasury.gov/policy-issues/financial-sanctions/faqs/56).
The Denied Persons List consists of individuals and companies that have been denied export and reexport privileges by BIS. The Entity List consists of foreign end users who pose an unacceptable risk of diverting U.S. exports and the technology they contain to alternate destinations for the development of weapons of mass destruction.
Accordingly, U.S. exports to those entities may require a license. Authority for the Denied Persons List and the Entity List can be found in Title 15, Part 764, Supplement No. 2 and Title 15, Part 744, Supplement No.4 of the U.S. Code of Federal Regulations, respectively.